Saturday, July 27, 2013
MAJORITY AGREE WITH VFA, EXPECT U.S. MILITARY HELP
CASE OF SPRATLY CONFLICT -- SWS SURVEY
A majority of 55% of Filipinos agree with the Senate approval of the Visiting Forces Agreement (VFA), according to the Social Weather Survey of June 2-16, 1999.
The nationwide SWS survey found 23% disagreement with the Senate approval of the VFA, and 18% undecided.
The VFA was described in the survey question as an agreement for the temporary visit of a significant number of American military in order to undertake joint exercises with the Philippine military.
The June 1999 result was similar to that of the November 1998 SWS survey, when 51% of Filipino adults were in favor, and 25% were opposed, while the VFA was still being discussed in the Senate.
Analysis of the survey showed that anti-VFA Senators Guingona, Osme?a III, Pimentel, and Roco were actually slightly more popular among pro-VFA Filipinos than among anti-VFA Filipinos, reminiscent of the irrelevance of the way senators voted on the 1991 RP-U.S. treaty to their personal popularity afterwards.
The June 1999 survey also found that a plurality of 42% of Filipinos believe that the U.S. will voluntarily follow the Philippine constitutional ban on nuclear arms. Over one-fourth (28%) do not believe that the U.S. will comply with the ban, and the rest are undecided.
A plurality of 43% believe that the Philippines has the final say on how many U.S. military forces can visit in the country and for how long. Nearly one-fourth (23%) do not believe that the Philippines has this discretion.
Asked whether the United States military will aid the Philippines in case of an armed conflict with China over the disputed Spratlys, 59% of Filipinos say that the U.S. will do so.
When asked if the Mutual Defense Treaty should still be maintained in case the U.S. forces fail to defend the Philippines in this case, 61% said No, and 39% said Yes.
OPINION ON THE SENATE APPROVAL OF THE VISITING FORCES AGREEMENT
Philippines, SWS June 2-16, 1999 National Survey
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